When Is It A Great Idea To Remove A Pay Day Loan?

Get instant $ 1000 my cash now.com Oyster Bay New York within 24/7 Get $700 tonight fast wire transfer. You can also apply urgent $ 150 cashland cash advance Norfolk, VA within 1 hour .

Often crisis situations happen, and you want a speedy infusion of money to obtain using a rough 7 days or month. An entire market professional services individuals as if you, in the form of payday cash loans, in which you borrow funds from your upcoming income. Read on for a few pieces of information and facts and advice will cope with this procedure with little cause harm to.

If you take out a cash advance, you have to make sure to make the obligations on time. If you do not make payments punctually the business supplies the ability to income your check, and if you do not possess the cash inside your account, you may be taking a look at much more service fees.

Make each try to settle your payday advance punctually. When you can’t pay it back, the loaning company may force you to roll-over the borrowed funds into a fresh one. This new one accrues its own set of service fees and financing costs, so officially you might be paying out all those costs 2 times for a similar dollars! This may be a serious drain on your own bank account, so intend to spend the money for personal loan off right away.

Be selective in that you tell that you are acquiring a payday advance. Several keep an extremely negative take a look at the industry, and may also appearance down on you for having to deal with a payday financial institution. You might have sufficient pressure because it is during a payday advance, so usually do not increase it.

When you have to take out a payday loan be sure that the fees is going to be under a overdraft charge. If you are searching at getting many monthly bills approaching by means of without any cash, a payday loan is best. Should it be just one monthly bill, it may be advisable to you need to take the overdraft cost.

Remember that you might have specific legal rights when you use a pay day loan services. If you feel you possess been treated unfairly by the loan company in any way, you may file a complaint with your status organization. This is in order to push them to abide by any guidelines, or circumstances they forget to meet. Always go through your contract cautiously. So you are aware what their duties are, as well as your individual.

Need an open interaction channel with your loan company. If your payday advance lender makes it appear to be extremely difficult to go about the loan with a people, you might stay in a bad organization deal. Respected businesses don’t run by doing this. They have got a wide open type of interaction where you can make inquiries, and obtain feedback.

Never ever fill out a payday loan app just before do you know what costs you will end up charged to the loan you are hoping to acquire. A lot of pay day loan firms will explain to submit kinds prior to deciding to understand the rate, but that can only make you responsible for it even if you do not acknowledge.

Check with precisely what the interest from the payday loan will likely be. This will be significant, because this is the quantity you should spend in addition to the amount of money you happen to be borrowing. You could possibly even want to look around and obtain the best interest rate it is possible to. The low level you find, the reduced your complete pay back will be.

Although the aim of a payday advance is to get money very quickly, don’t hurry your self with all the documentation. Look at the terms and conditions from the loan cautiously. The penalties for low-transaction of this type of loan could be remarkably severe. It’s vital that you understand your financial requirements and really feel confident that you could fulfill them prior to you making a determination.

Try out consuming your meals from home. You will be astonished at just how much you can help save by setting up clean dishes in your own home. In the event you prepare food a lot and refrigerate, you might have enough to nibble on for several days. Though going out to restaurants is easier, you will find yourself spending more money. This may really help with regards to paying off your payday advance.

Be aware of pay day loan delivers that seem also good to completely be accurate. More often than not, they may be. Some examples are no credit score check solutions and identical-working day possibilities. While, usually, they will appear via as to what these are providing, they balance it with a much higher rate of interest. Therefore you are paying out much more for their specific supply opportunity.

A payday advance can help you in a hard time. You just have to make sure you study all of the little print and obtain the important information to create knowledgeable alternatives. Use the information to your personal payday loan expertise, and you will notice that the method moves far more efficiently to suit your needs.

Get a Wonderful House Right Away

Choosing to buy your first residence is not often an uncomplicated one. All things considered, this can be a massive investment decision you will be paying for for many years in to the future. For this reason, you would like to make sure that you are obtaining in a wonderful household for the great cost that is definitely well within the budget. To help make this occur, you will definitely want to click on the next page to understand more about with regards to home purchase resources which can be easily available for you personally.

There are a number of people which tend to be hanging around to lead you to get your initial property. It is actually your decision in order to prepare your credit rating application right away. If you carry out this you will recognize for many how much cash one can easily be lent for the acquisition of your property. This will conserve a bit of issues since you will not be inclined to look at houses that you know you can not afford to pay for. It is going to provide you with a wise course of action concerning exactly how much your own payment will probably be. Look at your spending budget and find out whether it is acceptable. If that’s the case, you will get started with the time-consuming method that derives from acquiring the first family home.

Figure out Your Financial Budget Before You Decide To Shop

Prior to looking at houses you believe you may be enthusiastic about purchasing, it is important to fully understand just how much you’ll be able to afford. Your property buying price range will depend on your present cash flow and also upcoming income likelihood and also the volume of debts you currently have and your past credit rating. A home buy calculator will help you discover how much you’ll be able to afford to invest in a property even before you pay a visit to a residential property showing. Through knowing how much you are able to realistically afford to pay, you are able to avoid purchasing a house depending on the highest quantity your own financial institution will give you and pick a house within your means. After you have decided just how much you wish to dedicate to a property, you will need a real estate agent to assist you look up offered properties within your range of prices. The representative are able to use their solutions to find a house or homes that you may be curious about according to your needs. Merely allow the real estate agent determine what you are looking for with regards to dimensions, features and neighborhood features and they gives you a summary of properties which will provide what you need. Once you discover the right house for you and your family, your agent can assist you work out an agreement and purchase the house.

How You can Diagnose Real-Estate Prices

As the years pass, the checklist of realty concerns when affixing your signature to a contract generally seems to raise. With regulations modifying regularly, numerous professionals in the market point out that costs vary tremendously between various firms. This will make it difficult for any man or women to navigate effectively in the course of the procedure. Continue Reading to learn just what you must know about property prices.

Just what rules have been in place finding a price? Property diagnoses will be required for surrounding the sale or perhaps carrying out work on a home. They must be requested by the proprietor / lessor and introduced at the time of signing the agreement. Its objective is to make sure the safety and also health of folks that live in the house. Folks who perform this kind of function must follow numerous regulations, lots of which are totally free and vary depending on analysis firms. Prior to engaging having a specialist, you must learn about precisely what is included in the selling price. A much more pricey diagnosis is not a bad thing in most cases as it includes warranties not offered by a cheaper diagnostician.

The absence of a price listing could be actual confusing regarding consumers. How can you know if the proposed estimation is not over the typical price? The price difference among firms may be explained by the services and ensures included. You should check out here to find out more.

Aid if You Would Like Invest in a Home

Are you looking to buy homes direct, however find you need help buying a house? If that’s the case, you are in luck, since the governing administration currently has services in place to help future home buyers. Numerous take advantage of the Help to Buy scheme being offered. With this service, government entities aids those looking to acquire a residence coming in at £600,000 or less plus the deposit for this house is often as low as five percent. You can elect to get the equity loan product, a mortgage loan in which the government offers the house purchaser as much as twenty percent of the property value of the home they want to purchase, given that it is a new build dwelling. A mortgage guarantee has also been put in place until such time as 2016. Using this plan, loan providers are able to offer potential buyers mortgage loans that will be 80-95% of the home mortgage loan worth. The final portion of the offer is called the NewBuy program. Utilizing this type of program, home buyers who’ve got at least 5 percent advance payment can acquire aid from the government in buying a new-build home. The authorities provides a number of different programs in position for people looking to buy a property or even those with a property they’re at risk of losing. Feel free to find out, simply because these programs have really helped quite a few and could be of help to you.

Uncover how to cut back $799 or more on your California auto insurance through our easy guide

Cheap California Car Insurance State In car insurance california 1967, State adopted the uniform car insurance legislation which, following Ontario’s lead, implemented a kind of 1 limited, optional no-fault coverage.  But more radical action was anticipated in October 1969 if the NDP government in State established hawaii Automobile Insurance Committee underneath the chairmanship with the.Municipal Affairs Minister, Howard Pawley, “to investigate feasibility of instituting an application of public auto insurance in State.”  The committee’s report, that has been submitted in March 1970, was heavily relying on the Your neighborhood model. The findings, if not the recommendations, with the Wootton Report in the united states were also given considerable weight. Perhaps through an eye on political considerations, the committee proposed an even more cautious approach than had the Wootton Commission.

Even though california car insurance Committee is sympathetic to many with the recommendations, and fully thankful for the scholarly and extensive research supporting the B.C. Commission’s findings, it’s our view that this kind of sudden and radical departure from existing legal concepts and auto insurance practices in every jurisdictions of North America would be unacceptable and impractical for the Province of State at the moment. We’d rather support an evolutionary movement in the direction of a few of the principles advocated .from the Wootton Commission. In 5 minutes or less you can lower your car insurance rates with Californiacarinsurancerates.org!

Within the car insurance in california result, the committee recommended a compulsory addon scheme broadly much like that in position in your town. A public insurance corporation would like a monopoly in compulsory types of car insurance. However, the proposed no-fault benefit levels were a better view than others then set up in your town. Income-replacement benefits were set at $50 each week for total disability and $25 weekly for partial disability. Scheduled non- pecuniary loss great things about as much as $6,000 were recommended; as were death benefits ranging from $500 to $10,000 (depending on age and marital status of deceased) for surviving dependants; medical benefits up to $2,000 and funeral expenses of $500. After considerable political controversy and some suspense,  the act giving effect to these recommendations and allowing the State Public Insurance Corporation (M.P.I.C.) passed in August 1970.  Its implementation by means of the “Autopac” insurance coverage did not occur until November 1, 1971.  Apart from changes in benefit levels it’s remained in position. You can learn something new about California by clicking this link!

Technology Topics for Think Tanks and Radio Responses for Listeners Debated

Welcome radio listeners and online article readers. In fact, welcome everyone not only to this program but also to the future. Technology is changing the way we live each and every day in very profound ways. It is also constantly rearranging the free-market with disruptive technologies causing challenges for status quo old companies, employment, and it’s difficult for the colleges and universities to keep up with this technology, as it seems they are always teaching and training people to do last year’s jobs.

Therefore, in the future these folks who have paid $100,000 in student loans may not even be working in those fields where they got their degrees. Statistically that has been the case, but it is going to be even more so in the future. Okay so, that’s what this program is about today on this 23rd day of October 2012 – how the future technologies will change everything.

The rules are simple; I talk, you listen. Then after 30 minutes I will open up the phone lines, or if you are reading this article online you may post a comment below. The first topic of the day is;

1.) Google’s Dominance and Disruption to the Newspaper Industry

Indeed, I believe it was Larry Page of Google who noted that the newspaper industry’s days are numbered. He stated that there won’t be newspapers in the future; that is printed words on paper being delivered to your doorstep. He was predicting the death of newspapers, and he did predict when it would happen, he said it could happen in a few years, or perhaps even a decade, but they wouldn’t exist in the future. Few could deny what he was saying, and when he made that common a few years ago the newspapers were laying off, merging, or simply going out of business.

Some newspapers have found that they can set up pay walls to make extra money, and perhaps the technology we talk about as tablet computers has at least help them in that regard where people can take their newspaper with them on the go, and read it online for a couple of dollars a month or week. This is worked well for the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and other well-known and well read newspapers. But it doesn’t seem to be working for all the local newspapers, although some who have a stranglehold on their local market are doing okay with pay walls as well.

Then again, why would anyone pay to view a newspaper online when they can go to Google News, surf the news and get information from all over the planet, perhaps even better information, or articles which have been downloaded from the Associated Press into regional newspapers. Often many of these stories we read on the other side of these pay walls is nothing more than regurgitated Associated Press news anyway. Thus, one should ask; why should we pay?

An article on ARS Technica titled; “Brazilian press to Google News: pay up or leave our content alone – Google says being told to pay is like, “taxing a taxi driver for taking tourists to eat.” By Megan Geuss on October 21, 2012 was curious. The same thing has been happening in France, and other places and it appears that they are trying to get Google tripped up in copyright law. You must realize that copyright law is different in Europe and perhaps in Brazil and other places. In the United States we have “Fair Use” case law on the books which seems to allow at least a paragraph and reference to a new story.

Google has been quite good at sending traffic based on this “fair use principle” with links to the actual article, that is if you want to read more. Sometimes people don’t, and perhaps this is what the Brazilian press is concerned about. People just read the first paragraph, and headline, and then they don’t need to read the newspaper, buy the newspaper, or pay to go beyond the pay wall of that organization online. These companies believe it is hurting sales, but in actuality Google is probably helping them much more than it is hurting them. Shouldn’t the newspapers all over the world get with the program and get into the 21st century?

The reality is that status quo industries die hard, and they fight to the end using their power to propel their political will onto the market. However, with no innovation everyone is left back in the Stone Age, and that means we may as well be reading our text on chiseled stone, or hard to get parchment paper. The printing press changed the world, and now it is changing again, it’s time to get up with the program, and enjoy the trillions of pages online from whatever new source they come from. If these Brazilian newspapers wish to limit what their readers read and be their sole source of information that is rather self-serving.

Further, the mass media has often tried to control the minds of the people, and therefore has absolute control over the politics of the society and civilization. Obviously they don’t wish to lose that, and who could blame them, power is addictive. We know that from our own politics, and we certainly know it from human history. There are no differences from what I can see. Of course, one could say that all of this Internet flow of information contains very few gems, and much of it is just a barrage of information pollution. Speaking of pollution let’s switch gears and talk about real pollution and some new technologies for moment shall we?

2.) Better Local Pollution Emissions Technology

Recently, the AQMD in Southern California had complained that pollution levels had increased. But where was all this pollution coming from? Well, it was coming from a number of sources, different types of pollution interacting. Some of that, 1% of the pollution in the atmosphere in California has blown across the entire Pacific ocean from China. China says it isn’t their pollution because they are making products to send to America, therefore it is actually America’s pollution, therefore the United States shouldn’t complain.

Indeed, China is using coal-fired plants to generate electricity often without the clean coal technology which they now have available to them if they wish to buy it from Germany, or in some cases they’ve already copied it and installed themselves. You have to love the Chinese when it comes to proprietary information, they don’t seem to have any ethical knowledge of how that works, perhaps because their society went for thousands of years copying each other, and they assume that if you were a friend, or a fellow farmer you would share your secrets and cultivation technology with them.

Indeed, during the Communist periods they also shared technology, and they didn’t have patent law or intellectual property rights. Their culture is much different this regard and it’s been difficult for them to grasp this concept, but then again there are also companies which know the rules, but flagrantly violate them to turn a huge profit. Now then, back to the pollution problem in Southern California. It was also noted by the University of Riverside that much of the pollution in the LA basin was coming from not only the aircraft at the airport at LAX, but also from the ships bringing products into port Los Angeles and Long Beach port.

These giant cargo ships would get in long lines bringing, and while waiting in line idle their smoky and sooty diesel engines, waiting to unload their containers from Asia, mostly China. Those big diesel engines do not have pollution control devices on them like our modern day trucks and automobiles. They spew pollution into the atmosphere and during those foggy days it would combine with water vapor and other pollution caused by local surface transportation, refineries, and factories. These combinations make a wicked ugly looking atmosphere blocking out the beautiful blue sky. To top it off, the trains which are often able to allow for more pollution (old rules for rail) would pick up those containers and take them across the country. Because many of these cargo ships could not get through the Panama Canal as they are so large, they drop off the containers and then they go by rail the rest of the country.

Containers going locally in California or nearby states will often jump on intermodal trucks for some of the distance, and those trucks add traffic to our freeways and smog to the atmosphere as well. Now then, Gizmag had an interesting article; “New software improves measurement of greenhouse gas emissions,” by Antonio Pasolini published on October 22, 2012. These new technologies along with the software can help us know where the smog is actually coming from. My question is what happens when the EPA gets a hold of this, and starts going after specific companies, and industries with this new knowledge?

It’s not that we don’t wish to reduce pollution, no one wishes to breathe dirty air, but this will throw new rules and regulations and rather staunch enforcement on industries which previously haven’t had to deal with it. One could say they’ve been polluting all long, it’s time they stop. Surely, but if we clamp down on them too quickly, we will disrupt the supply chain, raise consumer prices, and have to deal with increased wholesale inflation on everything that we buy. So this technology helps us understand our environment and the actual emissions into the atmosphere from human activity, but it is also quite disruptive because the regulatory authority, specifically the EPA knows no bounds.

Of course, then we will get into issues with union lobbyists, and big companies who do not wish to comply with onerous EPA rules and they will tell everyone that if the EPA doesn’t knock it off, they will lay off workers. That could hurt the economy as well, and therefore they may go after little companies rather than the big companies, therefore creating barriers to entry in various industries, or the EPA could require new pollution control devices which would be too expensive for small businesses, therefore the larger businesses will survive, and the small businesses which provide competition creating lower prices for consumers will go the way side.

Indeed everything is interrelated, the advection fog that we see during the “June Gloom” off the coast of California, that fog mixes with the pollution and it heats up in a temperature inversion challenge in the LA basin. Throw in a few X-flares and solar maximum with increased temperatures, and now we’ve got the pot cooking exacerbating the pollution problem. Speaking of X-flares they probably affect much more than we might realize. So let’s talk about that for a moment shall we?

3.) X-Flares Occurring and Days of Rage Considered

Not only do solar flares and the solar maximum cause faster polar ice melt issues and change the mixtures and re-combinations of pollution while causing temperature inversions carrying that pollutions higher and thus, across a greater region, but some surmise that it also effects human behavior, at least social scientists have been attempting to study these correlations although the data is hard to get ahold of and we are learning more and more each year about such anomalies, or even inverse relations to solar flares.

On October 23, 2012 there was an X-1 class solar flare, which will affect the upper atmosphere during daylight hours over Asia and Australia. It would indeed be interesting to see if things heat up there in those regions with regards to minor civil unrest, increase in crime, or greater tensions over the territorial waters off the coast of China. We might find some interesting things in the news if we were to put the puzzle pieces together? And what of the Middle East during solar flare events – as in what happens when the Arab Spring, or fall fighting season corresponds to already overblown tensions plus the proverbial religious holidays of either side while solar flares are occurring?

Want to check the record and recent history and get back to me on that one? The reason I ask is; I was talking to someone from Washington state up in the Seattle area, a social worker, who indicated to me that her large caseload allowed her to see the differences of when her clientele had fits of anger, or challenges with their behavior. I met her in the Starbucks, and she proposed that my hypothesis was real, and she convinced herself of that fact. I don’t believe we have enough empirical data or evidence to prove it, but I think more research is needed. Oh, and speaking of Starbucks and having conversations I think the world has changed a little bit and let me tell you why;

4.) Are Tablet Sales Helping Retail Sales at Starbucks?

It seems to me that more people come into Starbucks and they are busy playing on their iPhone, Android, or tablet computer. They are reading the news and minding their own business almost as if they are ignoring everyone else in the place. It used to be that people went to coffee shops to have a dialogue or discussion, or get social interaction. Today people are going and sitting down, plugging into the free outlet and using the free Wi-Fi. They don’t seem to be doing a lot of talking, albeit some of them get on their cell phones and disrupt everyone else.

So, is Starbucks the new place to go now not to have an intellectual discussion, but rather to use your personal tech devices so you don’t have to sit at home and you can be on the go? In other words, is it a destination point other than where you live to get out of the house and use your personal technology? Is that helping Starbucks sales? It could be, and they seem to be catering to that crowd, although they are catering to anyone who comes in to buy for dollar cup of coffee I suppose.

Indeed, I don’t think it is hurting sales, although it is difficult these days to get a decent conversation, thus, it may be limiting some of those folks from coming in as often, but then again many people are addicted to caffeine so they are going to go there and sit amongst the people with their tablet computers, perhaps sharing information with them in real-time. I’ve seen that happen too, where the debates and discussions are done in real time. Where someone will say; “did you hear about” such and such, and the other person will say; “yes” because they just got a news alert themselves.

Maybe these tablets are becoming a muse for coffee shop discourse? What I’m saying is this, technology is often disruptive and it changes the way we think, and live our lives. Have you ever wondered what will happen when 3-D printers are in every home? Let’s discuss that.

5.) 3-D Printers May Change Our Home Lives

Well, why go shopping at the store if you can buy the material you need, and merely print your furniture, silverware, cups, plates, houseplant pots, figurines, and other home decorations? Perhaps tools for the garage, picture frames, and all sorts of other things. That would be my guess, and I believe that’s happening in the future. Once you print something, depending on the type of material you use you may need to heat it up in an oven, or zap it in the microwave to get the material to fully fuse together, and harden the material so it never falls apart.

Does this mean people will be buying larger microwaves, and request larger ovens in their home? Will this spur on more home appliance sales for General Electric and other appliance makers? That would be my guess, and I wonder if Hewlett-Packard understands that future as well? Maybe they may have six-in-one printers instead of five-in-one (printer, fax, scanner, etc.) for the future? Likewise, the quality of 3-D printer you buy will determine the quality of the product you produce when you order the electronic file with the CADCAM design of exactly what you want.

Indeed, people will be able to tell if you created the object using a high-quality 3-D printer, or some cheap knockoff brand. Let’s say a figurine might be judged by its quality and by its attention to detail. That doesn’t mean you couldn’t take and X-Acto knife before you harden it to ensure the details are pristine. You may even decide to paint the figurine thus, painting over any flaws. Then you will throw it in the oven, before you put it on display in your home. Does this mean that hobby craft supplies may be a nice place to invest, or will it too be a victim of 3-D printing where people print those supplies as well?

In any case, because of this issue of quality and detail we may have more of our citizenry going for quality rather than quantity. Okay so, which manufactures will be hurt by 3-D printing in the future? It could cause a terrible challenge for the transportation industry because they will no longer be shipping products, and it could hurt the commercial real estate industry because big box retailers will not need to display items anymore, everyone will order it online, even use holographic displays to see the item before they order the file to print it at home.

China could be the big loser in this because they do so much in-country manufacturing. It could cause 100 million people to lose their jobs in China for instance. That could be enough to economically implode the country, causing an overthrow of the government. Sure, that is a speculative theory, but not so out of whack considering human history you see.

What about auto parts manufacturers? Many of those jobs have moved to Mexico from the United States, and we have a tremendous number of knockoff automotive parts being produced in China. This does an end run on China and the intellectual property and patents theft, which one could say is poetic justice, but we will be hurt here at home too. We make parts for all sorts of things; cars, trucks, airplanes, medical devices, hardware, and you name it. That will surely hurt manufacturing jobs.

Of course, it will spawn a new industry of 3-D printing material, and it really already has. There are several companies that think they have a lockdown on what type of material will be used in future, but I assure you that as these 3-D printers get better, and we get better at manipulating molecular assembly, and assimilation, that those pioneers of these 3-D printing materials will have to stay up with the game, or relinquish their market share to future innovation.

Now then, if folks are shopping less at retail stores, that will affect the retail industry as well, but people might also be driving less, therefore cutting down on the amount of fuel that that use. Still, this means that sales tax revenue for the cities, counties, and states will decline because they will be buying less fuel, and fewer things in the retail store. Also, you can expect that those items that they print in their own home will cost less than if they purchase them in a store, because the store has the supply chain which also adds to the cost of the product. Therefore all the things that they print will in fact be cheaper for that consumer. Lower costs mean lower sales tax revenue as a percentage.

Further, it is the materials which are sold in bulk where the consumer will be spending the most money, just as now people can almost get a free printer, but the big money is made in the price of the ink they have to buy to keep it recharged, just look at the prior decade of HP earnings as they are broken down in their annual shareholder’s reports.

What I’m saying is this will be a paradigm shift and affect every industry all at once. If you think that future isn’t coming, believe me it’s already in the pipeline and we already have 3-D printers in many high schools throughout the nation. Students are getting the idea of exactly what this technology can do for the future, and they are creating new applications for it.

Anyone who stops and thinks about it can see how it will affect whatever industry they are in – just think of the construction industry. If you need more nails, you don’t have to go down to the hardware store, you just make them on the job site. A plumber would not need to bring any pipes on his truck, all he’d need to do is take his portable 3-D printer, and do a 3-D scan of the pipe fitting that broke, and then print it and use it, job done, here’s your bill. No need to run to the hardware store to buy a part, and then come back later. He will be much more efficient.

Each entrepreneur in every single industry will consider what they need, and how they can use a 3-D printer to solve those problems. Once the technology exists, and it is workable, it will be everywhere. Humans seem to love things, they collect trinkets, objects, and they display them in their homes and domiciles. That is human nature. That is how human culture has evolved in society. It hardly matters which civilization you go to, they all have their knickknacks, statues, and artwork for display. Now they can display it all to their heart’s content.

There will be even greater abundance of choices. Perhaps people’s homes will become almost like museums of their own interests. Someone who likes aviation might have every model of every airplane ever built all over their home. Maybe this will replace bookshelves because books are all going to be electronic. Perhaps you have friends like I do who collect things. Once they get a hold of a catalog, or go online and see what’s available, they will be printing away like mad. Indeed I bet the professional psychiatry and psychology associations will come up with new mental addiction disorders to explain all this – it’s much like hoarding in a way – and we’ve all seen those crazy TV show examples.

That wouldn’t surprise me at all, nor should it surprise you. After all, we now realize that people get addicted to video games, and that our personal technologies are causing a lack of attention. Modern technology causes such things, and we should be ready for the next wave of 3-D printing challenges on our society and civilization. Perhaps all this is nothing more than the modern version of cave paintings. So, has mankind really changed all that much?

Many folks claim that people are too materialistic in our modern society, sure that’s true enough – these same folks will tell us that consumerism has ruined society, okay maybe to some extent that too might be the case, still, when 3-D printers are in every home, let’s just see what all those detractors of human innate characteristics happen to say when they themselves start printing away!

Tell you what, why not walk around your home for 15-minutes – right now and start writing down all the things you see, the smaller items perhaps under 2-foot by 2-foot. If you will note your home is filled with such items, just look in your kitchen, living room, home office, bedroom, and your bathrooms. See what I mean. Nearly all of it could be 3-D printed. Plus, if you don’t like something, let’s say that ugly cable TV box, you could order the e-design for a façade cover, one which let in airflow, but one which would allow that cable box to become a nice shape of something you like instead, or the base for an object.

Maybe you like model sailing ships from the Spanish Armada? Your cable TV box becomes the base of the model ship which covers up the ugly design and hides it in an art form for instance. Please realize I just made this up, but it could be whatever you want. Use your creativity, maybe you could become a designer and find folks willing to buy your designs for common things like this online and you receive a royalty from the online catalog.

Perhaps Amazon will get into the scene, or maybe this will be a new venue for Google, Microsoft, Apple, HP, or some new brilliant start-up entrepreneur who starts this business out of their dorm room at Harvard and also gets the money connections he needs to nearly unlimited capital to make it happen – and then goes public – think about how many times that scenario has happened and how it’s changed our world forever – and it hardly has to be Harvard for an optimal start-up.

Indeed, I hope you are beginning to see the glimpse into this future, the future of 3-D printing, because like the social networks, Internet, search engines, computer, and mobile tech this changes everything in every industry. The world will never be the same, the cat is out of the box, and it is alive – and it has been eating catnip, so look out.

Okay, well, my 30-minutes of talking are up, and you don’t have to listen to me anymore, it’s your turn to talk, and thus, I will open the phone lines. If you are reading this as a radio transcript turned into an online article, well, go ahead and leave a message below.

“Welcome caller number 4, you are on the air, what say you?”

Can Colombia Win Its Own War on Terror?

We have a long history of interaction, both good and bad, with Colombia. At the turn of the twentieth century, the United States was looking at building, what would later be called, the Panama Canal. This narrow strip of land belonged to Colombia at the time and they did not support it. Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, with the help and assistance of the United States. Not long thereafter, the United States signed a treaty with the new nation of Panama to build and run the canal. This caused bad feelings that are still felt today.

Colombia is an old country, dating back to the early 1500s. They proclaimed independence from Spain in 1813, though it took many years to stand on their own. They have had a long history of internal conflicts, both big and small, but none so defining as “La Violencia” (The Violence). The causes of La Violencia (1948-1966) were the same as in most insurgencies. Political and economic turmoil, power held in the hands of a few elites and class warfare provided most of the fuel. In the early years of the turmoil, there were many demonstrations that led to the arrest of some 1,500 workers. This caused more protests in Bogotá that escalated into the government attempting to suppress it. This suppression led to the massacre of around 14,000 demonstrators (Sacquety, 2006).

Colombia has two political parties, Conservatives and Liberals. La Violencia escalated when the leader of the liberal party, Jorge Gaitan was assassinated, ostensibly by conservatives. This led to a massive amount of rioting in the streets of Bogotá which spread to the surrounding countryside. The conservative party (currently in power) used government troops to attempt to quell the violence, forcing most to flee their homes to the countryside. Many of these adopted communist philosophy and became the beginnings of the current insurrection.

During the mid 1950s, a significant change to the country’s political structure came about. An agreement was made between both parties for power sharing in an attempt to quell violence. The control of the presidency would alternate every four years between the parties and the Colombian National Police (CNP), which had been principally responsible for dealing with the public disorder, was brought under the Ministry of Defense. This gave authority to the military, which had managed to stay out of most of the trouble, to become involved in the pacification. This power sharing agreement caused even more problems as those smaller parties (communist, reformist, etc) felt they had no voice in government leading to a resurgence of violence (Sacquety, 2006).

The US began true assistance to Colombia in the late 1940s when they helped establish the Organization of American States (OAS). With the outbreak of the Korean War, Colombia was the only other nation in the hemisphere to provide troops to the UN after North Koreas invaded the South. Colombia began to request aid from the United States in the form of training. Obviously, few of the root causes of the insurgency, which had grown during the early years of La Violencia, had been addressed by the central government. There have been numerous insurgent movements that sprang from this time period, to include the 19th of April Movement, or M-19 (now a political party). Those principal ones that remain are the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC, largest group), the Ejercito de Liberación Nacional (ELN, second largest group) and the Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC), or paramilitaries which sprang from the central governments inability to control areas outside urban centers (i.e. – most of Colombia).

I will briefly discuss a few of the plans that I see as defining plans that the US has been involved in, to some degree or another, over the years. There are many others not mentioned. The point is that the US has been extensively involved, to varying degrees, in Colombia’s insurgency. This has caused much tension, both in the political arena as well as giving the principal insurgent groups ammunition to prove there case that Colombia is hampered by the imperialist intentions of their northern neighbor. Colombia is a sovereign nation and, as such, it is a difficult pill for the population to swallow to know that their government cannot secure its own citizens and needs the help of the US.

The first of many plans that involved major US assistance was Plan Lazo which began in 1962 with a visit to Colombia on behalf of the US by Brigadier General Yarborough from the John F Kennedy Special Warfare Center. This plan was focused on creating a civil defense force to assist the central government in controlling the at-risk rural areas. They were to be augmented and assisted by US Special Forces Trainers (Finlayson, 2006). The government focused too much on security and not enough on resolving the root causes of insurgency leading to an abandonment of the program a few years later.

Colombia received varying degrees of support from the late 1960s to the late 1980s. President Reagan was overly focused on the insurgencies in Central America, especially Nicaragua and El Salvador. President Bush (senior) was focused on Panama and the Persian Gulf. It wasn’t until President Clinton was elected, that the US began to pay more attention to Colombia, albeit in the form of Counter Narcotics support. President Clintons administration refused to recognize the connection between the insurgent groups and drug trafficking. Though he increased foreign military and training aid significantly, he created many barriers that might have allowed assistance to truly be effective. From this administration came the Narcotics Certification process which remains in effect today.

One of the first large operations that the US provided for Colombia was Operation Support Justice, which was initiated in the early 1990s. Its purpose, initially, was to provide communication, radar, and intelligence support to Colombian military and law enforcement authorities which included intelligence sharing between US and Colombian military and police and cooperative efforts to arrest traffickers and interdict drug shipments (Global Security, 2007). How effective it has proven to be is debatable. This operation evolved into more sophisticated operations branching out through the Andean ridge.

One such operation was Operation Green Clover, a counter narcotics campaign plan focused at disrupting the air bridge that existed between Peru, Colombia and the Caribbean basin from 1994 to 1996. This involved, principally, political pressure focused at nations intercept (shoot down) policies, but also involved the use of Ground Based Radar (GBR) sites to pinpoint narco trafficking aircraft and assist in maneuvering intercept aircraft. It did have a small training component, mostly related to the GBR sites. Though this operation did cause a reduction in narcotics trafficking via air, what it really showed was that the narcotics transshipment was evolving in order to avoid the intercepts.

In other words, narco traffickers began using rivers and roads to transport illicit drugs (Global Security, 2007). This operation then evolved into Operation Laser Strike, basically an extension of Green Clover. It became an Andean Ridge plan focused at coordinating air interdiction with riverine and ground interdiction spanning several countries between 1996 and 1998. The results were good. The Colombian National Police and Military stepped up riverine and ground interdiction, assisted by the Drug Enforcement Administration, Customs, Coast Guard and Department of Defense (Global Security, 2007).

During the Clinton Administration a new plan was developed called Plan Colombia. Plan Colombia is a very complex, multi year plan still in effect. It is also beyond the scope of this article. Suffice it to say that while Colombia continued to receive military support, from equipment to trainers, the US insisted on benchmarks to determine the efficacy of their plans. The measure of effectiveness became tons of cocaine seized and hectares of coca eradicated. US training assistance, normally US Special Forces trainers, could only train certain units. Due to these restrictions, the Colombian military organized and formed the 1st Special Forces Brigade against Narco Trafficking. This unit became known as the Counter Drug or CD Brigade. They and the CNPs Anti Narcotics Police (Junglas) received the most US funding and assistance until 2001. The intent behind Plan Colombia was certainly noble.

It was intended to reduce the production of illicit drugs while at the same time revitalizing the Colombian economy and reinforce existing government institutions (Embassy of Colombia, 2003). It is often viewed as a military operation but is far more encompassing than this. The biggest perceived problem with Plan Colombia is eradication. Farmers are pressured to plant alternative crops instead of illicit drugs. This is coupled with the CNP and its aerial and ground eradication effort. It is easy to say “plant bananas or coffee instead of coca” and yet another thing entirely to provide the security mechanism necessary to support this theory. Most of the farmers that grow coca are in at risk areas where the FARC is strong and there is little government presence. Also, there are limited spray assets and significant spray area. Coca takes about six months to cultivate and the spray patterns follow strategic patterns. Usually the hard core growers can simply move, when spray planes arrive, to an area where they are not and be assured of being able to cultivate their crop before planes arrive at the new location. This is not to say that eradication does not work, just that it is inefficient. The FARC has likely programmed these losses into their production plan.

The Bush Administration saw the war in Colombia a little differently. Though they continued to invest heavily in Plan Colombia, they became more heavily involved in Afghanistan, and later Iraq. Due to President Bush’s views on terrorism, the US focus switched from only counter narcotics to a blend of counter narcotics and counter terrorism. In the summer of 2003, the Colombian government announced a new campaign plan that focused all the militaries might in a counter insurgency campaign plan called Plan Patriota. This was to be an aggressive plan focused on neutralizing FARC leadership while at the same time denying them the use of their traditional bases in Southern Colombia.

They instituted a robust civil military campaign to re-capture the “hearts and minds” of the at risk population while simultaneously providing security in these same areas. Accordingly, the US founded and deployed advisors on a full time basis to assist the Colombian military units associated with this campaign plan in operations and intelligence and the integration of warfighting systems. This program is known as the Planning Assistance Training Team. This plan is still ongoing and they have had good results. Colombian Security Forces have captured a few high profile terrorists that have been extradited to the US. They have also taken back a fair amount of territory and caused, through an aggressive Psychological (PSYOPS) Warfare campaign, a significant number of desertions among the FARC.

The Colombian Ministry of Defense is organized somewhat differently than the US military with two major differences. First, the Colombian National Police is assigned to the Ministry of Defense. Second, the Colombian constitution places public order within the domain of the Colombian Military. The Country is further divided into seven Army Division’s areas of responsibilities with each Army Division commander ultimately responsible for the public’s safety within his departments.

The Colombian military’s main strength in fighting this war, is understanding their adversary. They also have a good grasp of counterinsurgency techniques, albeit at the strategic level. The Colombian soldier is also very resilient and puts the American soldier to shame as far as “doing without”. However, they are a very hierarchical society and extremely centralized. Few decisions are made at the tactical, and often operational, level. This is likely due to Colombian law giving the Army charge of overall security. Further, they have an institutional arrogance as to their counterinsurgency ability. The fact that they have been at war for over four decades is often used as an argument for not accepting US advice. This is unfortunate, as four decades of internal warfare should not be a measure of effectiveness, but ineffectiveness. Finally, they lack a mature intelligence gathering apparatus. They realize that, due to lack of funds, they will likely never have sufficient technical intelligence assets. This should be an argument to enhance their human intelligence (HUMINT) network. Again, their extreme centralization causes them significant problems with managing sources.

For these reasons, the Colombian military, principally, uses Movement to Contact as their principle military tactic. This is a battalion size operation where the battalion patrols an area of suspected or likely enemy presence in the hopes that they will come across them and is typically used in the absence of intelligence. They effectively use population control measures, such as a national ID card, checkpoints, curfews and movement restrictions. At the small unit level (smaller than battalion), they conduct raids, patrols and, when they have actionable intelligence, ambushes. However, they are fairly ineffective due to a lack of institutional training and centralized leadership. They also, rarely, maneuver in less than battalion size due to an ingrained fear of lacking proper support mechanisms, most especially fire support.

This is not without reason, as they are a nation without many resources. They lack significant mobility and fear losing air assets as they are almost impossible to replace. To compound the problem, almost fifty percent of the nation is in or near the Amazon River basin and another twenty five percent in rugged mountainous terrain. One of their main strengths is a seemingly inherent ability to find guerrilla base camps. Unfortunately, the FARC and ELN are equally adept at manipulating the Colombian military and police weaknesses to their advantages. This ranges from penetrating Colombian Military and Police bases to coercing the civilian population. They also move constantly and have learned to do this as a matter of course.

The FARC and, to a lesser degree, and ELN, for their part, also have strengths and weaknesses. The Colombian political process is a pendulum and the insurgents know it. They usually elect a conservative president followed by a liberal one, due to the years of La Violencia, when this was policy. If one party is unsuccessful, the other party manipulates this to win the election and then proceeds to do no better. Often, liberal policies only make matters worse. Take President Pastrana and his decision to cede a large swath of terrain to the FARC in the late 1990s until 2002. This was done under the premise of forcing the FARC to the negotiation table, but only emboldened them. During this time, the FARC had become so powerful that they could carry out massed attacks on Colombian Military and Police in battalion strength or greater. Since President Uribe took office, he inspired their congress to amend the constitution to allow for two term presidencies and has since been re-elected. The FARC have gone to ground and limited themselves to sniper attacks, improvised explosive devices and terrorism in order to maintain their power.

American involvement has been limited, by law, to support not involving combat operations. This is manifested by the normal security assistance and exchange programs. This has been augmented by intelligence and communications sharing, logistics and equipment support and advisory assistance. The leap has not been made to conduct US combat operations, though it is discussed often. The Colombian population and their congress are completely against this option, not to mention our own government. It is likely the status quo will continue, at least until the US significantly reduces its signature in both Iraq and Afghanistan.

Can the war be won? Maybe. Certainly, the possibility exists that the current Colombian counterinsurgency initiatives will be enough to, at least, drive the FARC to the bargaining table. This may have been the purpose behind changing the constitution to allow two term presidencies. President Uribe has a lot riding on it. If he succeeds, he will go down in history for ending their decade’s long conflict when no other was able. If he is not, then the Colombian public is likely to become even more apathetic and surely will elect the next president from the liberal party. This will continue the cycle of ineffectiveness and assure that Colombia never succeeds. There are some that argue that if we were not so involved in the Middle East, we could “send a few brigades in and clean up the mess.”

This is incredibly simplistic, in light of our own failure to secure Iraq and Afghanistan with virtually our entire military. Compound this with the fact that Colombia is a larger nation with a terrain far more demanding than Iraq and Afghanistan, it seems almost ridiculous to entertain this argument. The bottom line is that Colombians have to stand up for themselves while the Colombian government needs to reduce its own level of corruption and protect its population. Any good counterinsurgency plan involves ALL of the mechanisms of government attempting to resolve the root causes of the insurgency while at the same time conducting military operations against the insurgents. There are good signs, such as the rescue of three American Defense contractors held in captivity by the FARC in July 2008 and the death of two high ranking FARC leaders during the same year, but only time well tell.


Sacquety, T.J. (2006). Colombia’s troubled past. Veritas Magazine, PB 31-05-2, Vol. 2, No. 4
Finlayson, F. (2006). Colombia: A special relationship. Veritas Magazine, PB 31-05-2,Vol. 2, No. 4
Global Security. (2007). Operation Support Justice. Retrieved on 1 June 2007 from
Global Security. (2007). Operation Green Clover. Retrieved on 5 June 2007 from
Global Security. (2007). Operation Laser Strike. Retrieved on 7 June 2007 from globalsecurity.org/military/ops/laser_strike.htm
Embassy of Colombia. (2003). Plan Colombia: The roadmap for peace. Retrieved on 9 June 2007 from colombiaemb.org/opencms/opencms/plancolombia/

Interviews With Successful People – Daniel Kandi – Producer, DJ and Label Owner

One of the first songs I heard from Daniel Kandi was ”Make Me Believe”, and at the time of its release, I was blown away. Although this song is now over five years old, it is still one of my favourite songs. Since then, I have heard many other productions and remixes from Daniel.

What stands out about him is not that he has been producing for many years, but rather the fact that his productions have remained consistently high in quality. In the beginning of the year Daniel released his first-ever vocal track entitled ”Change the World”. Not only did this track have his trademark production style, but it also had great vocals. This was not the only first for Daniel of the year, however. He also produced a song with Jack Rowan titled “Arigatou”, which was very different to his other productions.

I initially contacted Daniel in December about doing an interview, but due to him being based in Denmark and DJing throughout the world, it has taken a while to get hold of him.


In recent years, very few Danish musicians have had the same impact on the world of electronic dance music as that of Daniel Kandi.

Now established as a leading name in the global trance scene, Daniel has been at the top of his game for many years having been responsible for some of the most memorable releases in recent memory, such as ‘Breathe,’ ‘Change The World’ ‘Symphonica’ and ‘#Trancefamily,’ and he has lit up the globe with his stadium rocking performances.

One of only a select few artists to have been personally selected by Armin van Buuren to play at the A State of Trance 400, 450, 500 and 550 parties, Daniel has also performed at the biggest events in the world such as events such as Trance Energy, Global Gathering and Tomorrowland. Hailing from Denmark, Daniel has been around the world and back again, playing the largest club shows from Pacha, Buenos Aires to Ministry Of Sound London, and at leading cities such as Sydney, Los Angeles, Tokyo, Moscow, Singapore, Rio De Janeiro and everywhere in between, earning himself consecutive appearances in DJ Magazine’s coveted ‘Top 100 DJ’s’ poll.

Daniel is more than just a DJ; a leading artist on world renowned labels such as Anjunabeats, Armada and Enhanced, and his own Enhanced sub-label, Always Alive, he is heavily featured on renowned shows like A State Of Trance and Group Therapy, and considered an absolute fan favourite of the listeners of those shows with an endless list of Future Favourite / Record of the Week accolades to his name. Not to mention he is also the star of his own radio show, Always Alive, a showcase of the most recently discovered talent. It’s not only on the airwaves that Daniel’s productions have dominated, for you will be hard pressed to ever see the top download charts be absent of his breathtaking productions.

Such are his producer achievements; Daniel is one of the most in demand remixers for the trance genre, handpicked by the biggest names for remix treatment, such as Above & Beyond and Gareth Emery.

One of the most colourful artists in the scene, Daniel Kandi will continue to be one of its leading lights for many years to come.


Q: How Did Your Life Begin?

A: Well, let’s go back to even before I was born. My mum was actually pregnant with me and she was on a small Cessna with my dad and a friend of hers in really bad weather. My dad’s friend was the pilot, and he apparently didn’t have a certificate or a permit to actually fly in bad weather, especially with a small Cessna. They were lucky enough to get hold of the agency control on the ground during this storm, and they were the ones who guided the pilot down safely. At one point, however, the pilot did actually say ‘May Day’ and stuff like that, as the engine went out during the landing. When my mum told me that – I think the first time was when I was about 12 or 13 – it made me realise how lucky I am because I wasn’t really supposed to be around, obviously, if things had gone differently. That was a fun start to everything.

Growing up, I was very different. My mum kind of knew that already from, I think, when I was about age three or four… or something like that. It could be attributed to the fact that I was born not alive, if you can say so. See, my heart was out for about four minutes or something like that before they got it started again. Three or four minutes. That could have lead to me becoming not really retarded, but a bit special in ways. That’s what we’re actually trying to look into now: if I have got Asperger’s Syndrome and stuff like that. I have always been a little bit special. Everybody who knows me, has seen me on video and sees me around the decks knows that I am a bit different to so many other people.

I did have a troubled start and got bullied a lot in school because I was that different. Besides that, I didn’t have my real dad around from when I was about one year old until I was about nine. I had a step-dad instead. I always wondered who my real dad was, where does he live and stuff like that. I started talking to my real dad when I was about nine, and he ended up being a part of my life for about a year or so. The contact started slowly, but we got to talking again. He eventually flew me from the north part of Denmark over to him in Copenhagen, and I got to know him again. So I had a bit of a troublesome start, but I have learnt to live with how things were. Obviously you can’t control that kind of stuff.

Q: What Motivated You To Become A DJ?

A: At first I really just wanted to make music. I started DJing at the age of thirteen when I entered a youth club that had a pool table, which is ironically one of my other passions. That’s where I got to know pool and the music side of it, because of the disco tech they had there, where you could earn a license and stand there and play music for whoever would be there and stuff. That’s essentially how I got into DJing. Right around that time, my aunt had a boyfriend who was a DJ himself in some of the local clubs in my town. He showed me a program called Cool Edit Pro, and that was really when I started sampling stuff and making my own tunes, even at the age of about thirteen. Back then, you didn’t have any proper sequencer, the equipment was scarce and the computers were not really that good. You know how it was before we entered the ‘Pentium Age’, and it was really, really hard to run these programs.

Sometimes you would have the ‘out of memory’ problem because it was such an old PC, but it was fun actually to start out that way: the DJing, doing the sampling and trying to create dance music… that way, about thirteen, yeah.

Q: Tell Us About How You Feel The Moment Before You DJ?

A: Really it depends on the size of the gig and if it’s the first time in a new territory. Of course when I go to play in London at Ministry [of Sound], it’s always special because it’s a great nightclub, and it’s got a great reputation. It’s been running for so, so many years. It’s a picky crowd. They do like their trance, and they do like their house, but you have to keep within certain boundaries, I think, and just try to keep it really hard because that’s what the crowd loves there. We are here in London now, and I’m going to play there tonight. I’m actually playing after John O’Callaghan, which is going to be tough because he plays really hard. I’m digging deep in my record box today to actually see what I should play because I don’t want to play too soft. People might leave if I do that. So actually tonight I’m a little bit nervous, because even though I have been here before, this is going to be the hardest one to follow up on because I have always had someone play either softer or slower before me.

Last time I was here with Gareth Emery, it was quite easy because he just played really banging and progressive stuff. He actually left me a lot of room to build on his 34 BPM. That was a good gig, and that was streamed as well online. The reactions were also really good. Tonight I am a bit more nervous, but in general when you get to those big festivals, when you get to 5 or 6 thousand people at a mini outdoor festival or something like that, that’s when I can start to get really nervous. I think if you get nervous though it’s a good thing because it means you really want it as well, and you’re not bored of it. Right before I DJ, I will try and compose myself. I will have a bottle of water and make sure all my stuff is in place. Then, I’ll go on stage and try and feel the crowd in some sense and just take it from there.

Q: How Would You Describe The Experience Of DJing In Front Of Thousands Of People?

A: Well continuing on the last question, it’s an amazing feeling. It’s not as intimate, and you don’t really get to talk to as many people in the crowd as, let’s say, a crowd of about five or six hundred people, which is, like, the optimum. Anything between five hundred and a thousand people is where you get the ultimate contact because you can look at everybody and kind of try and point people out, especially when people have certain items and memorabilia with them. If they have a sign or tattoo or shirt with your logo on or something like that, it’s easy to point out when you have those small crowds. When you get to the really huge crowds, however, if you play the right tune, there is nothing better than seeing five or six thousand people jumping up and down for just one track. That’s an amazing feeling.

Q: How Did You Get Into Producing Dance Music?

A: I always wanted to make EDM in some sort of sense. When I started out, I was listening to a lot of crappy Euro-dance, if you can call it that. We have all been there, if you’re about my age, 29. We all started making really, really dance-y music, like Euro-dance stuff, but wanted to make it more trance as well. In 1999 or 98, I think the first track I heard like this was Paul Van Dyk’s – “For An Angel”. That was one of them, because that got into the club charts in Denmark. It was amazing because nothing of trance had ever really got into the charts. Then Cosmic Gate’s “Exploration Of Space” hit the radio waves, and that was really huge as well. That was before, as you obviously know. Cosmic Gate are now much more deep and progressive.

It was a good start. Then you had Mythos ‘N DJ Cosmo, Above & Beyond and Cygnus X Superstring and stuff like that… those kinds of tracks. I got them on the Dream Dance compilations from Germany, and I kind of built from there. That’s when I knew what I wanted to do. Oh yeah, obviously I can’t forget ATB’s “9pm till I come” – massive tune. So that’s kind of where it started for me.

Q: When You Produce A Song, What Is Your First Step?

A: Actually, because I make the melodies that I do, a lot of people think I would start out with the melody at first. If I do that though, it actually makes it harder to mix on top of a beat. So I always start with making the beat first, and once I am satisfied with the beat and the baseline, I can kind of work the melody on top of that. It makes it easy to mix and it makes it sound better, in my point of view anyway. That’s how I go about it, usually with the beat and baseline.

Q: How Did You Go About Getting Your First Song Signed?

A: Let’s go back to Euro-dance stuff around 2002, or actually 2001. I was supposed to do a remix for Barcode Bothers’ “SMS”, which was a really cheesy song. I sent them the remix as it was instrumentally, and I said to them, “I want the vocals so I can do the remix”. It was a cross over between trance and Euro dance at the same time. They said they really liked it, but the single was already out and they weren’t releasing any remixes from it. What they offered instead was for me to remix Catch’s “Walk On Water,” which was a pop song as well. I ended up actually realising that as my first real track, a remix of “Walk On Water”, a track which Above & Beyond apparently also remixed. I just felt really happy to be on that vinyl, being on the B-side, with Above & Beyond being the A-side remix. That was quite an amazing feeling to be honest.

Q: Your Radio Show And Record Label Are Both Called ”Always Alive”, Where Did This Come From?

A: I think I just wanted something that really just looked good on print. It wasn’t that I was trying to overly think about what I could do that would relate to the actual sound of the label. I knew that I wanted to make some sort of name for the radio show that would stand out. I didn’t just want to call it “One Hour Trance Session by Daniel Kandi”, because everybody has got “Trance Session” or “Trance-port” – really generic titles for radio shows. Not that there is anything wrong with it, I just didn’t want it happening to my radio show. As happy as its sounds with “Always Alive”, the whole thing came from a chill-out track that I started back in the day called “Almost Alive”. I thought, “I can’t call it ‘Almost Alive’. It’s got to be A and A, because that on paper looks really good”. So “Always Alive” just became the name for the radio show at first, and then obviously it was a natural thing to call the label “Always Alive Recordings”. It sounds good, so that’s why I wanted to name it that.

Q: In 2010 You Were Ranked At Number 77 In The DJ Mag 100, What Did This Mean To You?

A: That was a major accomplishment for the team behind me and everyone that worked really hard for it. It was just a way of saying, ‘you’re doing alright at the moment’. That was back when trance was still doing alright, compared to now, here, where a lot of the house-y styles are blending with trance. If you look at the Beatport top hundred, a lot of it is really not trance, but rather it’s the whole new “Trance 2.0” thing going on. Back then a trance DJ could make it in the top hundred, and nowadays we see so many different styles, like dubstep and super duper electric music, really doing well on the DJ Mag.

It’s more difficult now if you’re a trance DJ, which is also why I’m trying to branch out a little bit – not because I’m worried about the DJ Mag ranking, but because I also want to play at the big festivals. Let’s be fair. The DJ Mag rankings have an effect on what promoters go and do. Sadly, they do look at a rank, but they should look at what a DJ is capable of and what he brings to the table. I do believe that even if I don’t get in this year again – because I have been out of it for two years now, just outside the top hundred. I think I was 124 this year or last year – I still think that it’s a good thing that I can get booked out for really good parties. I just need to get hold of some more festivals now. Granted, if we get to the DJ Mag votings at the end of September/October and I’m not in again, it’s not going to be a major problem. I’m just proud to have been there for two years in a row.

Q: When You Were A Child, Did You Imagine That You Would Be Doing What You Are Doing Now?

A: I always had a dream about it. I would be singing to myself constantly, to the point where my mum would actually be really annoyed sometimes. I started watching a lot of talent shows on TV when I was a kid when they started out, way before X Factor and Idol and stuff like that. If it was about singing or making music or something like that, I watched it. I always had this feeling that I wanted to do something with music. I didn’t know what it was, but I think that when I started at the youth club at about twelve or thirteen, I kind of knew that was the road I wanted to go down, no matter what it would take. I even thought to myself, if it comes down to me doing music full time and ending up living like a bum (which I actually ended up doing for a while because I didn’t want to continue after the tenth grade of school), then that was the way I had to do it. I just really wanted to bet on it one hundred percent. I couldn’t let other people come and do the stuff I wanted to do. I felt like, “I have got to do it now before it’s too late”, which is silly because I was maybe about eighteen or nineteen when all this started. I felt like, “I need to hurry up because there is going to be some other people that can do this stuff as well”. So, yeah, I always really wanted to get ahead of the game and do it before taking an education. I kind of regret it a little bit now, as I know it would be a good thing to have something to fall back on, if, let’s say, I should become deaf or develop some other disability for making music. But you know, you just try and do the best you can, and that’s what I have tried to do.

Q: At The Beginning Of Your Career, Who Were The Most Supportive People Around You At The Time?

A: Actually, there weren’t that many. My mum and dad were like, “you have got to have an education, and you have got to do this, and you have got to do that.” I didn’t really care for it, and honestly, I was not in too good spirits with my mum and dad sometimes, as they always said you have got to have money to pay rent and stuff like that. I couldn’t see past the music. I was just betting everything on it that I could, which was in some ways obviously stupid, but I just really, really wanted it. As for the supportive people: we have got to talk about an old manger of mine whom I’m not really on good terms with now, but who really saw something in me and the talent that I had. Starting out doing remixes, even though it was shitty pop music, I still had a good gift for making good melodies and stuff. He kind of knew that and wanted to build that potential, so he was one of the most supportive people when I started out with the music. Besides that really, it was an uphill battle for the most part until I started getting recognised, getting signings and DJ jobs.

Q: What Has Kept You Going When You Have Experienced Setbacks?

A: There have been a few setbacks. I think the fact that I just said to myself, “you know what, I can’t fail, this is what I want”, kept me going. I just kept believing that at some point, I would make one or two tracks that would kind of open the door. Eventually “Breathe” was the track that opened that door, because that was the first tune that I got signed to Anjunabeats.

Just before that, a good mate of mine in Denmark named Michael and I released a track called “Sorrow”. That one got signed to a now defunct label. We ended up not seeing a dime of that, as it didn’t sell. That was kind of like the first setback where I felt, “OK this is never going to happen for me” or whatever.

Following this, I sent a demo of “Breathe” to Anjunabeats, and I didn’t hear anything from them until like two or three weeks into the process. I thought, “OK, if they don’t reply within two or three days or something, they must hate it or they don’t like it or what not”. So I went on a massive bender and got really, really angry with myself and actually thought I was never going to get signed, I was never going to do anything with trance and stuff like that. Then, suddenly, I went to like a rock concert in Copenhagen, and while I was on the dance floor with a couple of friends of mine, my phone went crazy. I had something like, twenty text messages and people saying, “Dude you’re on the fucking radio show with Above & Beyond! You’re on their Ministry Of Sound radio with their Trance Around The World radio show, and they were playing it!” That was back when they were still mixing live on CDJs and stuff from Ministry Of Sound radio. That was the first goose bumpy feeling I got about it, and despite the setbacks, it was worth the wait. It got signed in 2006, early 2006. When I went home from that – I’m not kidding you. I left the rock concert before it stopped – I immediately turned on my pc, literally shaking, wanting to hear the radio rip of the Trance Around The World. I think it was 85 or 86 episodes, but when I heard them mention my name, it was one of the best feelings ever because I kind of knew that this was my door opened. I felt that from there, it was all going to be alright.

Q: Where Does Your Drive And Passion Come From?

A: It probably comes from the fact that I got bullied a lot. Everybody said, “you’re a fucking failure and you are a no good person”. I was made fun of because I was obviously different and probably also because of my sexuality, being mostly into guys, that made me seem so different. I think kids can smell it. They do smell a different sexuality, and I just didn’t play ball with the guys outside, I didn’t get muddy or run around and act like usual guys or boys would do at that age. I was just really bullied in that sense, and they always told me, “you know what, you are never going to amount to anything”. For some reason they would even pick on my mum, and they had never really met my mum. That really angered me, and I was just like “OK, I’m going to make it”. So part of my success I owe to the bullies, which you can see is a similar case with so many entrepreneurs around the world that used to be geeks. They can probably also thank their bullies, in a sense, because the bullies motivated them to go on and become something greater than what these guys were. I know for a fact that some of the bullies have amounted to absolutely nothing, working a regular job in a shop or something. I have one friend who has said to me, “sorry for being like I was when I was a kid, and I wish that I could take that back”. At the same time, that person said “you are really living the dream. I spent such a long time trying to find out what I want to do and not really going for what my passion is because the passion might be unsafe or something like that, in terms of job opportunities”. He said he really envies the fact that I am travelling the world about 30 out of 35 weekends a year and see so many different cultures. I can really respect that when it comes from a former bully, in that sense, saying sorry about that. The bullies have been the motivators, mostly.

Q: Do You Believe In A Higher Power?

A: I do, but I do not believe in a god per se.

Q: Where Does Your Inspiration Come From?

A: My inspiration comes from life, like before: failures, love relationships and good friendships. Nowadays, let’s say when I’m doing a tune that’s just about good party music – a good example would be the new “Arigatou” – it’s not too much about inspiration from life or anything like that; it’s just me and my friend wanting to make a really good melody and, at the same time, have a really good driving baseline. It doesn’t always have to be about inspiration from life. Sometimes it’s just, “let’s make a good party tune, have a couple of drinks and kind of see how it goes from there”. “Arigatou” was the latest result where it was more about having fun and seeing how we could go about it in the studio.

Q: What Do You Think Are The Most Important Elements To Being Successful?

A: I think the most important thing is that you stay true to yourself no matter what style you make: hard style, dubstep, trance, house or whatever. Just try and do what you feel is right, and if the music is good enough, it will speak for itself. People will like you because the music will be the most true to you, compared to when you try and follow trends and then people start to follow you only that way. It’s just about really staying true to yourself I think. Right now, I’m at the cross-roads where I want a bigger audience, but it’s hard not to sell out when you talk to uplifting trance fans, because they always feel that you’re selling out when you do stuff like “Arigatou” or other house-y stuff that’s a 130 BPM. It’s the fact that everything has to be 138 or 135 BPM and above and has to be with a rolling baseline and be trance. I have got to stop looking at that and make music that I like to do. I think that’s the most important thing. If I do what I like, the real people who want to follow me for what I do will still be there I think.

Q: What Are Your Future Plans?

A: My future plans would be moving to the Cayman Islands or Hawaii. No, it would be just to continue doing this for about fifteen or twenty years and try and save up money for a quiet life or something like that. Just, in general, to keep on travelling and to try and actually travel well – be as much in business class as possible, so I can save my health, and not being in economy class all the time. Just having a good time, flying around, doing these gigs and hopefully getting to bigger and bigger crowds.

A Historical Perspective of Critical Thinking

Philosophy and psychology both started as a study of the human condition and the thinking process. From the musings of the philosophers came the sciences of behavior and mental processes. In earlier times the study of psychology and the human condition were considered to be a part of the study of philosophy.

In ancient Greece attempts were made to create the “ideal” society and the truly happy individual. Pericles was seen by the people of Athens as a great leader in this effort. He was elected to his position of leadership in Athens over and over again. He wanted Athens to be strong and powerful and the people who lived there to be prosperous and happy. He carefully developed policies to win the world and gain an empire by commerce rather than by war. Since Athens was dependent upon imported food they built a powerful navy to guard the routes by which that food came. The people were wealthy, happy, well fed and proud of themselves. But as history soon proved – they were very short sighted. They were only interested in their own well being not that of others.

Cities subject to Athens provided funds for the defense of the trade routes against the Persians. Much of this money was used for the adornment of Athens (The Acropolis and the Parthenon). While liberty and democracy were the policy among the designated citizens of Athens, the rest of the Greek Confederacy was ruled by force as an empire of Athens. Jealousy and resistance to Athens existed everywhere. Sparta, Athens’s old enemy, knew the strength of the Athenian fleet and contented themselves with supporting resistance and slowly forging a united front against Athenian power. If you had been a management consultant/advisor to Pericles, what advice would you have given him?

Surrounded by enemies abroad and at home, Pericles worked for and talked about peace while he very carefully prepared for war. He stockpiled food and supplies. When war came, Pericles thought the answer was simple. He withdrew the population of the entire surrounding area (Attica) within the walls of Athens and waited for the navy to win the war. The Athenians thought this was a smart policy. The crowding of Athens, however, led to a plague, which raged for nearly three years, killing a fourth of the soldiers and a great number of the civilian population. The people blamed Pericles for this great calamity and they convicted him for misusing public funds. He was deposed from office and fined. But, when no one could be found to lead them they forgave him and recalled him to power. To show their esteem and sympathy for him they even overrode one of their own laws and bestowed citizenship upon his illegitimate son. Pericles had, however, been infected by the plague and he grew weak and died within a few months.

Under Pericles, Athens had reached her zenith, her golden age. But that success had been attained through the wealth of an unwilling empire and through the use of power that invited almost universal hostility. Does this have any parallel with our current definition of success – “win at all costs?” After Pericles there was no strong leader and Athenian democracy became almost mob rule. One leader after another did whatever they thought would placate the citizens and win their votes, regardless of the wisdom of the policy (public policy based on polls?). It has been said that the Athenian population was so used to having all the wealth and power it wanted that they became free of any moral scruples. They wanted continued prosperity and they wanted the rest of the world to pay for their empire. They elected whoever promised them the most luxury and comfort.

Finally, the unthinkable happened. Sparta, under the leadership of Lysander, sank or captured a large portion of the Athenian fleet. The Athenians were willing to do anything to preserve their power. They melted down the gold and silver from the statues on the Acropolis to pay for a new fleet. They gave freedom to slaves and citizenship to anyone who would fight for the city. The new armada successfully defeated the Spartan fleet and Athens thrilled with the news of victory. Their status was preserved. News was brought back that the crews of 25 of their ships, sunk by the enemy drowned in a storm. Hotheads insisted that the eight victorious generals (including the illegitimate son of Pericles recently honored with citizenship) should be put to death. Is this notion of “something terrible has happened, someone must pay for it” the basis for any public policy decisions and legal proceedings today? Socrates as a presiding officer of the assembly objected to such a plan but it was presented and passed over his protests. The sentence was carried out on the shocked generals who had expected a victor’s welcome on the return. A few days later the Assembly repented and condemned to death those who had persuaded it to execute the generals.

Sparta was weak from the last battle and wanted peace and some kind of agreement between them but the Athenians would have none of it. Athens sent a newly reinforced fleet (with inept leaders after the execution of their best generals) to meet the Spartans thinking this would be the end of Sparta. The battle was a complete failure for Athens. All but eight of the 208 Athenian ships were destroyed or taken. Sparta now took the upper hand and became absolute master of the Aegean. Athens was blockaded and within three months their stock of food was exhausted. Sparta demanded that the walls of Athens be destroyed. Athens had to agree to be subject to Sparta. Gone was their empire and their prosperity.

The empire that Athens had carefully built all around the Mediterranean was now destroyed and those who had been appointed by Athens to rule this empire were required to return to Athens. The new Athenian government was now led by those who had been forced to return home. They were an unhappy lot and not pleased at the lack of proper financial rewards for their leadership. They confiscated property, sold anything they could and either exiled or put to death any and all dissenters. They wanted to rule Athens the way Athens had ruled its empire. They put an end to freedom of teaching, assemblage, and speech. They forbade Socrates to continue his public discourses. The reaction to all of this created an eventual overthrow of the government and the establishment of a “new democracy.” But the new democracy was looking for scapegoats for all of their troubles and they found one in Socrates. It was all his fault. He was convicted of corrupting public morals and put to death.

After his death, the Athenians regretted the decision and in turn put his accusers to death. Athens was exhausted. Gone were the dreams of wealth and empire. Gone were the leaders who gained favor by encouraging efforts to placate the citizens and the struggles for power. The irony is that the new legacy of Athens came from the teachings and students of Socrates. It was all they had left. They turned their energy to the study of philosophy and how to better the human condition.

Socrates had not been content to observe from a distance. He had been involved in the very center of the decision-making process of Athens. He actively taught what he thought was important. He believed that self-examination was the most important activity for the human brain. He said: “Vice is the result of ignorance.” “No one is willingly bad.” “Virtue is knowledge.” If a person has problems it is because they have not examined and questioned their knowledge and beliefs. In other words, the mind is in charge of the body and introspection and self-examination will modify behavior. Perhaps we could call Socrates the first cognitive psychologist.

His student, Plato was certain that knowledge is not the same as perception. He felt that perception can fool a person and therefore cannot be trusted. It is best to know what is real and what is not real based on pure logic and reason. He wanted to know the best way to organize society and construct governmental systems. Every time he attempted to put his theories into actual practice they failed. He had no system of obtaining a reality check and testing his ideas because of his belief that human perception was faulty and could not be trusted. Plato defined the task of the psychological study of perception.

Charles Hobbs came along much later. His philosophy was that to think too much about your condition in life would bring unhappiness. Self-examination and introspection are unhealthy and unnecessary. You must simply accept the fact that your status in life is determined by your birth. Some are born to rule and others are born to be ruled. Life is very simple. Accept it. The English did a very unthinkable thing, however that challenged this approach. The English population executed one king and after a brief fling with a republic invited the son of the ruler they had executed to become their king. What gave the people the right to depose one ruler and then establish another?

John Locke provided the philosophical answer. He said that the mind is a blank slate. Status is not determined by birth, every one begins life with equal potential. Individuals are basically good in nature, independent and of equal value. He taught that all power of government is derived from the individual and is subservient to the rights of the individual. He believed that by everyone working together for the common good, individuals stand the best chance to be happy. He placed a great deal of responsibility for individual as well as societal well being on the free thoughts and actions of each individual. It was up to individuals to think and reason in order to determine their course of action, including the type of government they would create. His thinking was perhaps best stated in the writings of Thomas Jefferson. This philosophical approach might be said to create an open field for the development of the discipline of psychology.

Karl Marx looked at the world around him and saw poverty on the one side and wealth and power on the other side and came to a totally different philosophical view. He said that happiness is always destroyed by an emphasis on production to create profit and the obtaining of property. The notion of profit would always lead to the subservience of the individual. He believed that all of this could be changed if private ownership were abolished and production based on the needs of the community rather than the whims of individuals with power and the need to create profit. In order to bring this about it would be necessary to have a government with absolute power to wrest property and power away from the individuals who have it now and share it equally with everyone. Eventually, this would create a community where all shared everything in common and all would act for the common good. His thinking created a school of thought in direct opposition to that of John Locke. We have seen that this kind of philosophy created a philosophy which had as a main focus to teach individuals to accept their subservience to the group. The class warfare began by Marx continued in the writings of his followers. Milovan Djilas (Vice President of Yugoslavia under Marshall Tito) saw some basic flaws in this approach. His book “the New Class,” maintains that to follow Marx only changed the groups that had power and that did not have power but would never lead to a “classless society.” This kind of independent thinking only caused his arrest and long imprisonment for being an enemy of the State.

The German philosopher Nietzsche tried to get back to Socrates. He said that each individual must examine his or her own life and learn by interaction with others. He wrote against what he called the “slave mentality” of his time, which he felt, exalted conformity and mediocrity. He said that the highest values in life and true happiness are most fully realized in life through great individual efforts, particularly in artistic and intellectual achievement. He felt that the religious and political system of his day were barriers to the development of human potential – not because they were religious, but because they were so rigid.

Great minds in fairly rapid order began to attempt to organize and structure the study of the human condition. Wundt established the first organized and accepted psychological approach, based on introspection and the workings of the inner mind (Structuralism). William James looked at the how and why of behavior and how the mind was influenced by the environment (Functionalism). The Gestaltists were interested in looking at the whole picture. They did not focus on a scientific approach and their concepts remain today mainly as an attitude or an approach, which tries to look beyond the specific to the general issues. In his psychoanalytical approach, Freud focused his attention on childhood experiences and sexual energy.

Watson and Skinner and the behaviorists felt that if you could not directly observe something it may as well not exist. The focus was on observable behavior. This created a scientific approach in the study of the nature of human nature and led to psychology being considered a science instead of a philosophy. For many years the behaviorists ruled the discipline of psychology. No one else had yet figured out how to study more complex aspects of the human condition scientifically.

The humanists (Maslow and Rogers) were more interested in what was going on “inside.” They spoke of self-actualization and felt that if the individual had all of their physical needs met and had the appropriate emotional support, they could solve all of their own problems based on their own internal strength and ability. Does this sound like Socrates revisited?

So today as we consider the practical aspects of management and research we study the human condition as we see it and use a variety of different theoretical and philosophical approaches to explain the mechanisms that seem to be working in any particular case (Eclecticism). We have learned how to do research based on what we can observe and from it derive conclusions about that which we cannot directly observe. In doing so, however, we often run the risk of making inferences as to causation based on an observed correlation which may or may not be meaningful. Sometimes what we call research is helpful and aids in understanding and at other times it seems to be the prisoner of the perception and intention of the researcher. A researcher must not have a personal agenda to prove. A researcher must be open to the discovery of the truth no matter where that discovery might lead. We need to beware of Deficit Model Thinking – where we gain the perception that anything which is different than how we think is not just different it is deficient.

As an example, in the past, both philosophers and psychologists have been involved in the nature vs. nurture debate. Now we have gone beyond that simple concept to a much more complex one in which we have begun to look at the degree to which biology and genetics contributes to personality and behavior in each unique individual. With what we know now we must deal with trying to understand to what degree environment and genetics influences each specific individual. Current research seems to indicate that any one individual’s personality can be determined anywhere from 20 to 80 percent by genetic factors. What an even greater challenge this new understanding creates to help each individual sort out all of the relevant issues affecting a specific situation. Are we then in some way determined or influenced by our genetics or totally free to think and contemplate without any restraint or predetermined inclinations? There may be no really clear unequivocal answer. But to the best of our ability we need to use our brain to ask questions, to challenge our understandings and be open to discovery – not set in concrete.